Common Pesach Foods and Their Brochos

Food

Brochah Rishonah

Brochah Achronah

Gefilte Fish (with or without matzah meal) Shehakol Borei Nefashos
Grape Juice Hagefen Al Hagefen
See footnotes #1 and #6
Grape Juice mixed with water or other beverages See Footnote #2 See Footnote #2
Kneidlach (matzah balls) Mezonos Al Hamichya
Macaroons (from shredded coconut – still nikker3) Haetz Borei Nefashos
Macaroons (from ground coconut or paste) Shehakol Borei Nefashos
Matzah (wheat, whole wheat, oat, spelt) Hamotzi Birchas Hamazon
Matzah Brei See Footnote #4 See Footnote #4
Matzah Cereal (from matzah meal) Mezonos Al Hamichya
Matzah, Egg5 Mezonos5 Al Hamichya5
Matzah Kugel/Stuffing Mezonos Al Hamichya
Matzah Lasagna7 Hamotzi Birchas Hamazon
Matzah Meal Cake Mezonos Al Hamichya
Matzah Meal Rolls8 Mezonos Al Hamichya
Matzah Pizza7 Hamotzi Birchas Hamazon
Potato Kugel (made from shredded potatoes – still nikker3) Hoadama Borei Nefashos
Potato Kugel (from potatoes ground into pudding-like substance so potatoes are no longer nikker3) Shehakol Borei Nefashos
Potato Starch Cake Shehakol Borei Nefashos
Quinoa (cooked) Hoadama Borei Nefashos
Quinoa Flour Products (e.g. quinoa cake and cookies, quinoa pancakes) Shehakol Borei Nefashos
Taigelach (matzah meal cooked in sweet syrup) Mezonos Al Hamichya
Wine Hagafen Al Hagefen See footnotes #1 and #6

1. A brochah acharonah is recited when drinking at least a reviis (3.8 fl. oz.) within a 30 second span. If one drank between 1.0 fl. oz. (kzayis according to some opinions) and 3.8 fl. oz. (and cannot drink more) within a 30 second span a brochah achronah is not recited. However, if one also requires an al hamichyah or al ha’etz at this time, one can also include al hagefen. See Mishnah Brurah [M.B.] 208:82.
2. This depends on the percentage of grape juice. If there is a majority of grape juice (51%), recite hagafen/al hagefen. However, if the mixture is rov water (or another beverage such as apple juice) the brochah depends on various factors. See Rama 202:1, M.B. & Biur Halachah. Consult a Rav.
3. Nikker means it is still noticable. Typically, shredded coconut or grated potatoes are still “nikker” and the original brochah is retained. However, if finely ground or processed, the original form is no longer “nikker” and the brochah is changed to shehakol. See M.B. 208:37-38. 4. Matzah brei is typically made from matzah that was broken into pieces less than a kzayis. (The fact that they are reformed into a kzayis is irrelevant). The halachah is as follows: If the pieces of matzah were boiled in water (or submerged into a kli rishon) or the matzah is no longer nikker (e.g. fried in oil with eggs), one recites mezonos/al hamichya. If however, the matzah meal was not boiled and the matzah meal was only pan fried with no oil or butter and the matzah is still nikker, one recites hamotzi/birchas hamazon. See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim [S.A. O.C.] 168:10 & M.B.
5. Egg matzah and matzah ashirah may not be eaten on Pesach according to Ashkenazic practice, except by the sick or elderly who cannot eat regular matzah and require egg matzah. Consult your rav. Please note: Even the sick and elderly cannot fulfill the obligation to eat Matzah at the Seder with these types of Matzos. As noted in the chart, in general, the brochah rishonah is mezonos and the brochah acharonah is al hamichya. However, if one is kovaya seudah on it (e.g. as part of a full meal) recite hamotzi and Birchas Hamazon. See Rama O.C. 562:4.
6. The brochah acharonah on wine and grape juice made in Israel ends with the words “v’al pree gafna” (instead of “v’al pree hagafen”). See Birkei Yosef O.C. 208:58.
7. We assume the pieces of matzah are still nikker as matzah or at least one piece of matzah remained a kzayis. See S.A. O.C. 168:10 & M.B.
8. We assume that the matzah rolls are made from matzah meal that was put into a kli rishon of water or the “rolls” do not have the texture of bread (i.e., no tzuras hapas). See S.A. O.C. 168:10 & M.B.